segunda-feira, 28 de dezembro de 2015

Book 7

book 7 lesson 30

F- good morning, mr flimmer.
M- hello, dr blipster.
F- how are you feeling today ?
M- better than the last time.
F- what would you like to talk about today?
M- something happened last week... it brought up an issue we haven't talked about yet, my fear of ...

book 7 lesson 29

TEXT 29HAPPINES
There is an old story about how God and his angels discussed where the secret of life should be hidden. They wanted to hide it in a place where it would be very difficult to find.
One suggested the center of the earth, another suggested the bottom of the sea, and a third suggested the top of the highest mountain. Then a fourth angel said: “men will eventually search out all these places. The only play to hide the secret of life is within people themselves. They will never dream of looking there”.
Decide to be happy today and to live with what is yours: your family, your business, your job and your luck. If you can’t have what you like, maybe you can’t have what you have. Just for today, be kind, cheerful, agreeable, responsive, caring, and understanding.
Be your best and dress your best. Talk softly. Look on the bright side of things. Praise people for what they do, and don’t criticize them for what they don’t do. If someone does something stupid forgive and forget. After all just for a day.
Dive deeply inside yourself. You’ll probably find the secret of a happy life in there.

book 7 lesson 27

TEXT 27LEADERSHIP
The world cannot be divided into the weak and the strong, or those who success and those who fail, or those who make it and those who do not. It can be divided into learners and non-learners. There are those who are open to what happens around them, who learn from their experiences, when they do something stupid they don’t do it again.
When they do something that works, they try to do it better the next time. Therefore, the question to ask is not whether you are a success or failure, but whether you are learner or a non-learner.
Young people starting out in business and industry are often surprised to learn that they will be judge for their leadership skills more than for their technical skills. Studies show that success is about 80% leadership skills, and only 20% technical skills. Obviously, people must be knowledge able in their fields, but the greatest success and financial reward will go those who have a greater ability to express ideas, to assume leadership to arouse enthusiasm and cooperation, in short, the ability to bring out the best in others.
An important feature of leaders is enthusiasm, one of the most powerful engines of success. When you do something, do it with all your might. Put your soul into it. Stamp it with your own personality. Be active, be energetic, be faithful, and you will accomplish your objective.
The probability of becoming a good leader is huge.

book 7 lesson 26

M- oh, what a pleasure to read a shaspearean tragedy.
F- you mean you enjoy tragedy?
M- oh, yes! shakespeare was so uniquely creative in his own way. don't you agree?
F- oh, no. i prefer books about adventure.
M- what kind of adventure?
F- the kind where you find yourself in the deep jungles of africa, for example. where all the characters have to deal with dangerous situations.

book 7 lesson 25

TEXT 25OPPORTUNITY
Opportunities are often not noticed the first time around, especially became they are disguised as hard work.
Superficial opportunities come easily. The much tougher challenges will usually bring a lot more opportunity.
The willingness to do what is difficulty is like having a key to success.
Hard work is universal. Regardless of what industry you’re in, hard work can be used to achieve positive long-term results.
Being healthy, finding and maintaining a successful relationship, raising kids, getting organized, increasing income, being happy, setting goals, making plans to achieve them, and staying on track are all hard work.
All of these tasks demand attention, time, discipline, commitment and many other qualities found in achievers. The only way to get certain things is with a lot of hard work.
Dealing with challenger enhances character. You should not limit yourself to experiences that can be obtained passively or easily. Much more of what you can be gotten by being willing to take on bigger challenger.
If people always limited themselves to choosing the easiest alternatives, no one would ever learn to read, write, or type. No one would ever get a college degree, start their own business, learn to speak another language or play in instrument, etc.
Hard work is something to look forward to because it will probably lead to growth. Hard work help us to develop the maturity and responsibility to understand that the things we wish for will not just automatically flow into our lives.
Hard work makes the difference. It’s what separates children from mature adults. As you spend more time outside your comfort zone, you will find that character development is a pleasurable experience.
Strong purpose depends on hard work.

book 7 review 4

Listening

1- peter is setting the pattern.
2- the roof of the school is cool.
3- thet was a good move.
4- he went downtown and to our bank.
5- he was in no mood to watch football.

book 7 lesson 23

TEXT 23GETTING ALONG WITH PEOPLE
Live and let live seems like good advice for getting along with people, but getting along with family, friends, and coworkers is not always that simple.
One important aspect of getting along with people is learning to tolerate differences in personality, life style, and individual tastes.
Especially in a work environment, we are bound to come in contact with people, who look, speak, and think differently than we do. It is important that we not let such differences interfere with our relationship on the job. Success in professional life defends on getting along well with all types of people.
Learning to tolerate differences of opinion is also essential to getting along with others. Our co-workers may sometimes have different ideas than we do about how things should be done.
Even if we disagree with their plans or proposals, we must try to remember that, most of the time, they are just as interested in solving problems as we are. Getting angry at someone we disagree with will not solve anything. Also, never forget that we may be wrong and they may be right!
Getting along with people requires tact as well as tolerance. Tact is the art of communicating with people in a way that will not needlessly offend them. If we have to tell someone something that we know is not going to please them, we can’t at least try to do it in a way that does not provoke anger and resentment.
Finally, having a positive attitude is a big help in getting along with everyone everywhere.
People who smile, encourage others, and look on the bright side of life, generally get along with others much better than those who don’t. Don’t forget, however, that these things are no substitute for sincerity and hard work, especially on the job.
The superior performance of experts is often very specific.
The superior qualities for experts’ mental representations allow them to adapt to and anticipate future events in advance. It is essential that experts be able to monitor their own performance, so that they can continuously improve it by training more and assimilating new knowledge.

book 7 lesson 22

listen and answer

F- Harry, how are you? i haven't seen you for so long. where have you been?
M- Excuse me, ma'am. My name is james.
F- Oh, yes, jimmy! how could i forget?
M- i'm sorry, but i don't know you.
F- you're kidding! you heve forgotten me? after all we've been through?
M- Excuse me, ma'am?
F- Oh, i was your nanny for 6 years! and you gave me such a hard time !

book 7 lesson 21

TEXT 21PERSISTENCE
Nothing in the world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not; nothing is more common that unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not; the world is full of educated derelicts.
Persistence and determination are the best qualities to have. The slogan “Press on” has solved and always will solve the problems of the human race.
Persistence is the ability to keep acting, regardless of your feelings.
When you are working on any important goal, you’ll sometimes feel motivated you won’t. But it’s not your motivation that will produce results, it’s your actions. Persistence allows you don’t feel motivated to do so. You press on even when you feel like quitting.
Persistence will provide motivation. If you simply keep taking action, you’ll eventually get results, and results can be very motivating.
In order to make room for new goals, we have to complete or leave aside old ones. Sometimes new goals are so inspiring that there’s no time to complete old ones, and they have to be abandoned half-finished. It might be discomforting to do this, but sometimes it’s necessary.
The hard part is consciously deciding to abandon and old project, knowing it will never be finished.
The value of persistence does not come from stubbornly maintaining your commitment to a goal that no longer directs you to self-growth. Rather, it comes from a vision of the future that’s so compelling you would give almost anything to make it real.
Persistence of action comes from persistence of vision. When you have a clear and constant vision of what you want, you’ll be consistent in your actions. And that consistency of action will produce.

book 7 lesson 19

TEXT 19MOTIVATION
Motivation is having the desire and willingness to do something. Motivation can be a shortcut to success.
The word motivation is derived from the Latin term motivus (“ a moving cause”), which suggests the activating properties of the processes involved in motivation. It is a temporal and dynamic state and may be the product of various different causes.
Many people feel motivated when they know they are making a contribution, being heard, doing something useful, receiving praise and acknowledgement, or having their skills developed. Others will be motivated by admiration, money, job satisfaction, competitiveness, jealousy, pleasure, etc.
This shows that people feel rewarded in different ways.
A motivated person can reach either a long-term goal or a short-term goal.
For this reason, motivation is very important to time management.
Planned goals result in achievement, which results in rewards like money, success, etc.
Many companies have invented in developing their employees’ motivation, because it’s a well-known fact that a motivated person is happier at work and tends to be more efficient. It’s really important to stimulate and encourage people so you can get the best from them.
Human beings have dreams and desires which influence their behavior. Unsatisfied needs can influence people’s behavior and motivate them to try to get what they want or need.

book 7 review 3

Listening

1- we'd better fix the ladder.
2- they added butter to the cream.
3- his attitude changed immediately.
4- the chartered flight was pretty comfortable.
5- my daughter's excited about the computer.

book 7 lesson 18

listen and answer

F- Can i help you?

M- i am here to speak to Mrs. Heston.

F- Do you have an appointment?

M- No, I...

F- I'm sorry, Mrs. Heston is very busy this morning and she never sees people when they are not scheduled...

M- but i wonder if she could at least ...

F- Besides, she's on the phone. Sorry.

M- Could you please tell her that hasband was here to see her ?

book7 lesson 17

TEXT 17DECISION MAKING
Decision making is about making choices. It is an essential skill for career success. If you learn to make timely and well-considered decisions, it well surely contribute to your success in both your personal life and in business.
From early on in life we have to deal with choices, and sometimes this is not an early task. We are always surrounded by options, and making correct decisions is sometimes very hard.
Good leadless usually have very well-developed decision making skills and frequently make the right choices. Some tools can be used to help people make decisions on a rational basis. These tools can also help a person form a balanced picture of the risks and advantages associated with different options.
Drawings, diagrams and lists are frequently used tools, and many people find that they think better when using them.
Different people think differently. Some look at things from a very rational viewpoint, while others view things from a more emotional viewpoint. Success comes from using both reason and emotion wisely.

book 7 lesson 15

TEXT 15COMMUNICATION
Communication is an essential skill for everything. Some people have a natural gift for communication while others must work to improve their communication skills.
Communication consists in transmitting information from are person to another. This may occur in several different ways, as a wide variety of means of communication are available.
Regardless of the nature of the message that is being communicated, effective communication skills are vital for success. Language is one of the most important parts of communication. The systematic mean of communicating ideas or feelings by the use of conventionalized signs, sounds, gestures, or marks has to be effective if communication is to occur properly.
Learning how to communicate is crucial for better time management. Various aspects of communication need to be taken into consideration: sound writing, images, clarity of expression, effectiveness in meetings, objectivity, etc.
If you want to get in touch with your feelings, talk to your heart.
But if you want to communicate with another thinking human being, you need to get in touch with your thoughts. By putting your thoughts in order and giving them a purpose, you will be able to persuade, instruct, discover and reduce. One way to organize your thoughts is to put them in writing so you can clarity any confusing elements.
Avoid poor communication.

book 7 lesson 14

listen and answer

F- I'm really having a hard time finding someone to replace Jim. He was such an outstanding engineer.

M- Oh, my son! My son is the bet engineer i've ever heard of; he is just brilliant. i'm sure you'll get along very well with him too. he's perfect for the position. You don't pay very well in your company, but ..., well, it will be okay to start with. he'll be at your office tomorrow morning.

F- Oh...

book 7 lesson 13

TEXT 13CONTROL
Most of us feel it would be great “to be in control” of everything, but the fact is that we are not in control: principles are.
Some system and tools can help us control our time, maximize productivity, and accomplish tasks and projects. Despite the availability of many methods for better administrating our lives, people still have problems that result in stress.
Because being in control of time is so important, most school in the United States have classroom materials that include time management systems.
When we are not in control of our time our success it at risk. To be successful in life, people have to make good use of their time.
Control can also refer to the control of body and mind, and in this area balance is important. People’s emotions, as well as a lack of motivation and direction, can lead to stress and frustration. This can be avoided by having good feelings, self-steem and a heigh level of self-confidence.
Think positively – optimistic thinking brings great results. The result does not depend on the organizing system you choose.
Try starting with simple organizing tools like a notepad and pen. Many successful people use only these simple tools to control their projects and tasks.
Be flexible. Sometime a better and faster wax to get to your goal may be found. Never forget your goals. Keep track of your goals and be flexible in your plans.
Take a break from time to time.
Breaks are also important. Use this time to stretch, relax or exercise body and mind. Leave you work room occasionally so that you don’t become annoyed or sleepy.

book 7 review 2

Listening

1- they'll seek peace
2- what are you mad at?
3- are you committed to the mission?
4- the meat will be served at the meeting
5- the bussinessman is in his seat

book 7 lesson 11

TEXT 11FOCUS
It’s surprising that extremely busy people usually have difficulties in focusing on their tasks. They are a always either on the phone or being interrupted by others.
Consequently their desks are a mess of organized to papers and files.
Their problem is not direction. They know what they have to do and how to do it, but they lose their focus because interrupted all the time. The something happens to young people at school. Students often have so many activities each day that they have trouble dealing with all of them without becoming stressed.
The secret is not to commit to more than your handle.
Overload is the result of committing. Some people need to learn to say no. Focus is concentration on one main activity.
It is of great importance for the achievement of your goals. Focus on one tasks at a time and don’t a allow distraction or other tasks to take you away from, what you are doing.
Remember I’ve Lee’s advice. if possible, start with tasks they can be done quickly.
Set aside a few minute for small daily tasks such as answering e-mails, making phone calls and separating material for your’s work.
Don’t forget to list the most important tasks that you need to accomplish during the day stick do your list until all the tasks have been completed.
Delegate there’s no need to do everything yourself. Focus on the tasks you can handle and can do with pleasure .
Do not let things get out of control.
make sure that you are focusing your time on achieving your goals whether they are professional or personal.

book 7 lesson 10

listen and answer

M - Oops, i1m really sorry, i didn't mean to ...

F - Never mind.

M- Oh, let me do it for you...

F- No, that's okay. i can do it myselt.

M- How can i fix it? i mean, do you want me to buy another one for you?

F- No, really, i appreciate it though.

book7 lesson 9

TEXT 9: DIRECTION
Directions is something we need in order to scape procrastination and become motivated to do what w need or want to do.
Procrastination is finding ways to delay doing tasks that we need to do. We may procrastinate when the task is something we are not yet convinced is necessary or important. If the task is part of job or schoolwork, it is important. The only way to stay on track is by finding the motivation to get it done.
· Start by listening the advantages of doing the task.
· List of the disadvantages and consequences of neglecting it.
· Be specific and objective.
· Set time limits.
· Plan the tasks in advantage.
· Visualize doing the task.

· Concentrate.
There’s a proverb that says: “No matter how far you have walked in the wrong direction, you will eventually have to turn back and take the right direction.
Direction determines destination. So visualize yourself in the place you want to be, going in the direction you want to go.
If you can’t define your destination precisely, how will you know when you’re arrived.

book 7 lesson 7

TEXT 7: ORGANIZATION
Organization on comes from organize, which means to arrange by systematic planning sometimes it’s hard to admit that your life is a disorganized men. Once we admit that is necessary to improve our skills in order to enjoy life, some self.
Criticism may be helpful. Marking just a few small changes can make a busy life more manageable.
Sometimes we are so busy we don’t have time do plan our activities. A good way to start is by getting sid of bad habits. Organization come with the habit of being organized, and we have to start somewhere if we want to obtain this habit. A little push in the right direction to get things started may be one of the solution.
Organization is so important that hundred of books have been written to teach people how to organize various aspects of their lives. Just by using common sense, we can see that if we want to get rid of any bad habit, the decisions to change has to come from ourselves alone.
Does this seem too difficult? Try taking an overview of the situation. In what areas do problem arise? How can time be saved? What can be changed in order to achieve the results we desire? Some simple questions such as these will provide ideas about how to become more organized?
If you cannot do this your self, do a little research on the subject. Only you can relieve stress by bringing order you life.

book 7 review1

listening

1. is it heating?
2. shoo fly?
3. her deeds were appreciated.
4. which witch made the wish?
5. he encouraged us to do it.

book 7 lesson 6

listen and answer
F - i can't understand why anyone would be interested in ancient civilizations.they're boring.

M - maybe you're looking at this the wrong way. it's interesting to know about ancient civilizations to understand how the human race has developed into what we are now.

F - yes, but on the other hand, when we were born everything that these ancestral people had developed was already here for us to put to good use.
why would i care about who they were or about their lives?

book 7 lesson 5

TEXT 5: PLANNING
Planning is one of the most important tools for time management and is frequently use for better results in any activity.
Planning means the creation of plan. It can be a simple as making a list or can be sometimes more specific in technique.
Everything one desires to do can be plan: Studys, Work, Partys, Projects, Trips and many others activity can be planned in so that they be success full accomplish because planning is an important part of time management in this three have supply the marketing with all sort of planning aids, both electronic and non-electronic.
These range from simple schedule books to complex softwer program and hand held electronic computers.
Methods for creating plan may differ greatly from one person to another. The planning done by an executive has different priorities and method from the planning done by students.
Practicing in the discipline of planning can be benefit anyone.
Planning requires three basics steps:
1. A descriptions of the initial
2. The desired goal;
3. A set of possible actions.
Even though planning is important not everybody is familiar with the techniques of creating a plan.
This is no reason for panic. There are several sites on the internet that provider all the information you need to become a planner
Thousand of useful types and example can be found there. Books on planning and time management can also be found in an almost any bookstore.
As students you have probably seen schedule activity. Charts and lesson plans. There are based on the same principles organization used by planners. As pointed out earlier, on the of the people who make them.

book 7 lesson 3

TEXT 3: TIME MANAGEMENT
Time is something that everyone need in order to work accomplish goals spend time whit want family and enjoy what life has to offer.
If you are human being you probable have a lot of text to accomplish every single day.
It doesn't make any difference if you are old or young, male or female, rich or poor, employed or unemployed.
All down many inventions have made life much easier then it was in the past learning to many the time wisely has become accessed in today’s world.
The world around us is change in very fast and is changes the many lot energy and organization. It day is made of twenty four hours and making good used of this time is the secret of success.
Use your time to do what you want, use your time to do the things you need to do. Find the balance between doing things you have to do and doing things that bring you personal satisfaction.
Many articles have been write about how people should manage these time, but to benefit from any time management system the most important thing it used comments sends. Several things are necessary in other to accomplish the things you need or want to do.
Planning, Organization, Direction, Focus, Control, Communication and Decision, making ar important skills to develop. You can save a lot of time by create your long time management system.
Start by making a daily list every evening before going to sleep list the next day’s tasks in category vision life you days and focus on the almost important tasks. A lot time for it tasks been one your previous experiences.
It will also help to keeping in mind the three D's:
What you can Do;
What you can Delegate;
What you can Discard.

book 7 lesson 2

listen and answer

M - it's amazing that in some countries people suffer from starvation while a small minority has enough money to feed the whole population.

F - well, power seduces egoistic people.

M - are you saying that all powerful people are egoistic?

F - no, not exactly. it depends on how their power was achieved.

book 7 lesson 1

TEXT 1: SPIRITUALITY
Spirituality is the part of a person life that has to do with becoming a better person. Everyone has a spiritual side to their personality, even if they do not think about it very much. We need to pay attention to our spiritual life if we want to be happy and successful.
Spirituality has an inner and an outer aspect. The outer aspect is about what we do-how we treat our families, our friends, our business associates with every day. Kind, honest, and helpful actions are the outward signs of spirituality.
The inner aspect of spirituality is about what we think and feel. Am I being honest with myself and with others? Am I doing my best? Is my mind at peace? How can I improve as a parent, as a son or daughters, as a student, as a coworkers? Asking ourselves questions like these when we are at home or by ourselves is part of inner spirituality. Another part is prayer, which we can do alone or together with others.
Most of us have to find a way to make spirituality combine with our family and work responsibilities. Many people practice inner spirituality by taking some time out every week to go to church, and by taking a little time out every day to pray and read the Bible, then they take the lesson they have learned in these daily lives.
The important thing to remember is that good thoughts and good feelings are meaning without good actions. On the other hand without good ideas and good attitudes, good actions are difficult or impossible. In the end, however, people will judge you by your actions – what you feel and think only matters to yourself.